Solar Car Hybird Motor

The following automotive motor design is an advancement in fuel less electric pneumatic / vacuum hybrid the motor system works using vacuum under the pistons and air pressure injection atop the piston to then push and pull the piston causing rotation of the connected crankshaft.

The generator then rotated by the drive belt produces electricity to then assist in the crankshaft's rotation via it's tandem electric motor. The air pressure and vacuum levels are continually maintained by a high speed air compressor and valves with connected flow pipes.

The crank shaft connects to the automotive transmission's torque converter. The system then has a solar panel to charge a small battery to then cause a 12v Dc air compressor to cause air pressure in the automobiles trunk's air pressure pressure tank to assist in the electric hybird motor's "start up" cycle.  The rear air pressure tank then also able to be manually filled with air pressure by the foot pedal then located to the left of the automobiles break pedal.

Parts List

1.  automotive motor / transmission motor mount

2.  automotive transmission drive chain and sprocket assembly ( connects the torque from the torque converter

     to the automotive transmission causing car wheel rotation

3. circular gear plate

4. automotive torque converter

5. automotive transmission

6. one way valve

7. crank shaft mounting  union bolt plate ( joins the crankshaft to the torque converter)

8. crankshaft chamber maximum vacuum level air inlet a safety valve and sensor reporting to the systems

    logic electronics control board to then maintain correct vacuum level under the pistons a "timed " air

    electric injector solenoid valve (environmental pressure) then "timed" by the crankshaft's electric

    motor commutator air injector hall effect sensor.  The "vacuum level sensor / air injector solenoid

    then is actuated by the electric motor's hall effect sensor mounted upon the electric motor, number 18's

    commutator. The "hall effect sensor" then trips the solenoid allowing air in while maintaining vacuum

     within the crankcase chamber.

    The sensor trip switch upon the commutator of the electric motor number 18. This

    allows slightly more air into the crankcase causing less vacuum resistance increasing rotational effect of

    air injection to the adjacent cylinder.

9. electricity generator - generator armature tandem rotating with connected to the internal pneumatic

    impeller of number 84 - contains high voltage electricity generator , magneto and internal voltage

    regulator,- the field coils of both the magneto and main high voltage generator are compound wound

    wire windings so that the magnetic field in the field coil / stator can increase producing greater range

    for electrical current output. This allows for a smaller in size generator with higher strength construction.

10. ratio gear set  ( 1:4  "start gearing" - 1: 150 ( "final gearing" ) - automatic transmission automatic

      gear selection incline automatic gear changing - out put rotation, "high side"  tandem

      rotating with the armature of the electric  motor number 12 and internal vacuum pump  "wheel"

      within number 11.

      The high speed electric motor "counter tilts" cancel the mechanical resistance 

      produced when using a mechanical ratio gear set - The ratio gear set's input rotation incurred by

      the rotation of the rotating pulley driven by the drive

      belt , number 14

11. vacuum pump - rotary piston type air compressor that is vacuum producing

12. electric motor - armature tandem rotating with the vacuum pump's pump "wheel"

13. pulley

14. drive belt

15. pulley

16. crankshaft pulley

17. pulley

18. crank shaft electric motor - armature of the said electric motor tandem rotates with the motor's crankshaft

19. mechanical clutch electric actuation

20. weather safe receptacle for lamp

21. flow pipe compression fitting

22. r.p.m. (revolutions per minute sensor)

23. air pressure tank

24. air pressure  "throttle" valve and potentiometer ( to control the electricity level to the electric motor

      number 18), operates with the system accelerator foot pedal and the electricity

      re-introduction circuit that directs electricity from the electricity generator number 9 to the crank

      shaft's electric motor, number 18 and the ratio gear set's "counter tilt" electric motor

      number 11

      number 24 also contains an air tank "electric air pressure sensor", that reports the air pressure level to

      the automobiles logic mapping electronic circuit control board allowing circuit extrapolation to  then

      adjust the flow cycle's valves to maintain the correct air pressure level within the air pressure air tank.

25. pipe compression coupling

26. air pressure tank air pressure discharge flow pipe coupling

27. air pressure tank air return flow pipe compression coupling

28. over head cam bearings

29. over head cam cam lobe

30. piston cylinder

31. over head cam lobe

32. open port in motor "cylinder head"

33.  cam timing drive chain and sprocket system. Rotates in tandem with the motor's crank shaft  cam drive

       sprocket - the over head cam operates the piston chamber intake and exhaust valves . The valve

       timing chain system also contains a drive chain tension sprocket who's position is adjustable by

       adjustment bolt and locking nut accessible from the exterior of the piston motor  "block"

34. over head cam lobe

35. piston cylinder

36. over head cam lobe

37. crank shaft oil seals

38. main vacuum pump assembly includes drive pulley ratio gear set and electric motor upon the high side

      of the ratio gear set motivating the vacuum producing pump, number 11

39. air pressure  over pressure safety valve vents over pressure and intake port coupling for number 83

40. vacuum diaphragm valve  and vacuum level sensor reports to the system logic mapping electronic

      circuit control board to assist in system regulation - oil baffle filter  keeps oil flow from entering the

      vacuum pump

41. torque converter to automotive center mounting nut and connecting drive shaft

42. exhaust  in head valve assembly includes ( valve , tappet shim , coil spring )

43. intake in head valve assembly includes ( valve , tappet shim , coil spring )

44. intake intake in head valve assembly includes ( valve , tappet shim , coil spring )

45. exhaust in head valve assembly includes ( valve , tappet shim , coil spring )

46. system automatic air "re-pack" air pressure valve automatically re-pressurized the air pressure system

      also used to "purge" the air pressure tanks

47. air intake air filter

48. electric solenoid valve control for number 46

49. electric solenoid valve control for number 24

50. oil filter under - oil fill top of the valve cover. The location of the oil fill screw cap and dip stick with

      oil level indicator

51. oil filter pump driven by the crankshaft oil pump interface gear

52. crank shaft oil pump drive gear

53. oil pump gear driven by number 52

54. motor system motor mount bore affixes the system to the chassis of the automobile

55. foot pump manual air compression air pump

56. connection linkage

57. manual foot pump linkage

58. foot pump linkage center pivot hinge

59. foot pedal hinge

60. coil spring

61. manual actuation - air pressure valve with multiple discharge port contains couplings

62. compression fitting pipe coupling over pressure safety valve vents over pressure

63. compression fitting pipe coupling

64. one way valve

65. 12v Dc piston type electric air compressor

66. 12v Dc air compressor air intake air filter

67. photovoltaic "Solar Panel" electricity converter

68. solar panel power electrical power management

69. solar panel battery charger, battery and control electronics to  "control" the 12v Dc air compressor

70. manual 12v Dc air compressor  "on / off" switch

71. motor system main electronics logic board system "mapping" control electronics and power

      management electricity control system

72. instrumentation wire / multi wire ribbon wire  "bus" clip

73. automotive fuse block - for all automotive electrical functions also contains system electronic relays

      docking receptacles

74. manual pull air pressure transfer handle

75. manual pull air pressure transfer handle retention coil spring

76. sheathed valve actuation pull cable

77. one way pressure tank fill valve

78. electric pressure pressure sensor reports to the logic processor number 71

79. artificial electrical ground - controls system static electricity

80. air pressure hose

81. air pressure gauge (dashboard mount)

82. trunk mount air pressure tank

83. vacuum pump causes negative pressure in the crank case and re-pack air pressure in the air

      pressure storage tank, number 23. A rotary piston type air compressor

84. centrifugal type pneumatic impeller used during system "Start Up"

* Note - within the cylinder chamber a set of repellent magnet with a fixed permanent magnet then upon

              the piston located at the cylinder's center point and a "firing" electromagnet within the cylinder


              The timing firing sequence the in tandem with the main electric motor , number 18, commutator

               ... the same hall effect sensor that "times the vacuum inlet valve , number 8. The electrical current

              for the "firing" electromagnets  (each cylinder) will then be derived from the main generator

              number 9.

              The electrical control system for the "firing" electromagnet located within the

              cylinder "head" then is controlled in the system power management and system "mapping"

              electronic circuit control board. The cylinder wall and piston then non magnetic material

              selection,  ie... the pistons and cylinder walls will not accept magnetism or become magnetic.

* Note - additional ancillary can be added tot he drive belt system such as air conditioning and or power

             steering power break hydraulic pump systems.

* Note - the vacuum level produced by number 11 then at minimum twice the negative pressure

             ( vacuum level),  then of the crank case "run" vacuum level

* Note - the design system uses a non-flammable, non-electrically conductive lubrication so that there is

             zero chance of ignition by piston compression within the rotary type air compressors

* Note - numbers 71, 72, and number 73 are then contained within an electrical inductance  "cage" to

             prevent disruption of induced electrical current. The inductance  "cage" then correctly electrically

             grounded protecting the automobile's electronics. (separate artificial electrical "ground" to then

             controlled dissipate any unwanted electricity).

* Note - all electric components then connect to the automobile's logic processor / mapping electronics to

             then operate as intended for the system to function.

* Note - the vacuum level slightly lower than the air pressure level atop the piston this allows a motion

             "tilt...the dampener valve number 40 is adjustable

* Note - the pistons are connected to the crankshaft by connecting rods (containing rod bearings),  and

             contain piston rings to pressure seal the chambers. The crank shaft is supported upon bearing

             races (using main bearings). The crankshaft is formed to cause the pistons in 180 degree 

             "opposed" positions so that when one piston is causing exhaust the other piston is causing

             intake. The crank shaft and over head cam system are force lubricated by the oil pump.

* Note - the drive belt and pulley system may be exchanged for an encased ventilated lubricated sprocket

             and drive chain system to increase the design system's longevity. Different applications have

             different load requirements. The altered design the requiring forced oil pumping to then use the oil

             filter in the flow system.

* Note - the electromagnet system within the cylinder "head" then repellent to the piston mount

             permanent magnet used to the "set the crankshaft "base idle" rotation rate. The "throttle

             acceleration circuit then actuating the potentiometer pneumatic valve unit, number 24 to then

             increase electricity to number 18 while allowing air pressure to enter the piston type impeller

             motor. The "base setting " of the potentiometer within number 24 will also assist in "setting" the

             system "base idle".

The electric motor system and generator system can scale. For a small four passenger car the generator number 9 then at 20Kw Ac ( 20 kilowatt alternating current ) and the electric motor, number 18 also at 20 Kw Ac.

The type of magnetic material the motors and generator's are composed of also assist in the system "tilting" as the "magnetic potential" is then augmented by electromagnet wire coil windings to then increase the total available magnetic field without loss of "work potential" as the magnet "retains" it's magnetism.


Geoengineering - Climate Change Mitigation

Design Desk Inc.