Climate Change Mitigation Technology

Design Desk Inc.

Pneumatic Electric Compound Engine

The "Pneumatic Electric Compound Engine " is an automotive engine system that drafts pneumatic pressure and reintroduces produced electricity from the compound dynamo that also increases its electrical output to then yield sufficient electrical current to power an electric motor.

The final out put is volt regulated and fed through a potentiometer / variable resistor "throttle " system then being connected to a foot pedal accelerator with dual circuit paths. The first circuit path,  upon the throttle, is then a direct circuit to the automobiles electric motor then connected to an automotive transmission and drive line rotating the wheels. The second circuit is then the current re-introduction circuit that increases the electricity level to the generator's system electric motor to then compensate for the loading placed upon the generator  by the main electric motor connected to the automotive transmission.

The design implements a "rotary" style piston air compressor that only runs to the refill the pneumatic pressure tank's initial "Start Up" pneumatic displacement. The air compressor is not required to "run" all the time. This reduces wear upon the mechanism extending it's life.

Parts List

1. electric clutch ( mechanical type)

2. refrigerant compressor

3. pulley

4. pulley.

5. pulley

6. drive belt

7. power  steering  (Internal reservoir)

8. power break pump

9. pneumatic impeller

10. air exhaust filter "box"

11. coil spring ( retention)

12. pipe ( pneumatic )

13. primary flow pipe ( pneumatic )

14. valve

15. pneumatic pressure tank

16. compound dynamo ( permanent magnetic field coil / stator  with wire windings to cause

      increased magnetism as an electromagnet)

17. 1:20 ratio gear set input side rotation tandem rotating with number 20 ( input the 1 of the 1:20

       ratio gear set)

18. pulley

19. drive shaft

20. pneumatic impeller tandem rotates with the armature number 22

21.  electric resistance heater element "blanket"  socket ( wire connector port )

22. armature

23. compound field coil "permanent magnetic with compound "field " wire windings to cause

      increased magnetism  producing an electromagnet yielding increased electricity from the armature

24. volt regulator

25. "start" pneumatic pressure discharge vent "filter box"

26.  air compressor air intake filter

27.  compound drive shaft mount points bearing races

28.  bore hole / mounting bolt hole

29.  compound drive shaft end shaft retainer / bolt & nut... assembly

30.  R.P.M. ( revolutions per minute) sensor ( hall effect r.p.m. sensor )

31.  electronics "bay" contains system regulation circuits and electrical current control electronics

32.  oil pump and centrifugal air pump

33.  oil pump "wheel" centrifugal type pump

34.  pneumatic pump centrifugal type pump wheel

35.  dip stick

36.  large dipstick tube orifice ( a no spill design technique for oil filling over sized oil fill port )

37.  oil filter

38.  oil and air filled container

39.  air coupling ( vents oil tank )

40.  oil drain

41.  air inlet dampener expansion "coil spring" dampener

42.  oil return oil flow tube

43.  air exhaust filter and filter "box"

44.  electromagnetic clutch

45.  thru bore current transfer slip ring

46.  magnetic drive chain casing oil drain plug  ( " thread screw plug screw " )

47.  sprocket

48.  drive chain

49.  drive chain tension sprocket ( adjust the drive chains tension via retention coil spring and

       mounting bolts )

50.  drive sprocket

51.  main sprocket  attaches to the automotive trans mission torque converter's electromagnetic

       clutch  ( input sprocket )

52.  Pneumatic turbo compressor "air pump"

53.  air compressor's drive sprocket same as number 69

54.  electric clutch thru bore current transfer slip ring

55.  circumference drive gear

56.  clutch solenoid

57. " Start up" pneumatic impeller

58.  clutch surface material outer diameter "circular" inner diameter 170 degrees in two 1/2's ( like

       drum break shoes)

59.  dual piston air compressor rotary type ( the same both sides of the center line ) vertical drive

       chain tension mounting system 

60.  turbo compressor casing  housing pressure pressure sensor location

61.  dipstick

62.  roller gear with piston connector and piston rod retainer / and bearings and

       bearing "caps" ( nut and bolt)

63.  thru bore current transfer slip ring

64.  clutch 1/2 slide guide sum of four per inner clutch 1/2 ( upon both 1/2's)

65.  inner clutch "pusher" solenoid

66.  inner clutch surface

67.  outer diameter clutch surface

68.  "clutch bell" housing ( drum")

69.  air compressor's sprocket

70.  drive chain

71.  oil shield

72.  inner clutch "pusher" solenoid

73.  Number 50's core drive shaft

74.  air compressor's "timing" mark ( times the air compressors valves )

75. "Start up"  air pressure discharge port ( vents from number 15 )

76.  return pressure  pneumatic port

77.  pneumatic pressure tank , number 15 's max pressure safety valve , over pressure pressure

       relief valve with pressure level sensor

78. "max dump" safety pressure relief valve

79.  thru bore current transfer slip ring with commutator and redundant stepped electrical contact

       brushes redundant brush sets with fault circuit to notify the operator a set of brushes has failed

80.  pneumatic flow valve

81.  valve position solenoid

82. "Start Up" pneumatic flow valve

83.  sheathed pull cable ( start cable )

84.  cable mounting housing

85.  large pulley

86.  pulley

87.  retention spring

88.  dipstick  ( oil level indicator)

89.  "wire bus" multi wire connector ( electric motor  feed wire ribbon" )

90.  "wire bus" ribbon wire connector to dash board instrument cluster display gauges

91.  main electric motor ( inner armature , outer field coil / stator.  91's armature is tandem rotating

       with number 57 tandem with the high side of the ratio gear set and rotating with the lower drive

       sprocket for the piston rotary compressor.

92.  armature's  commutator and thru bore electrical current - current transfer slip ring

93.  oil flow tube from air compressor's oil catch base oil pan ( oil pan contains drain plug)

94.  drive chain oil retainer casing

95.  pneumatic exhaust flow tube

96.  oil flow pipe

97.  electronic circuit controlled variable resistor

98.  pneumatic impeller housing max pressure valve return port into the main

       pneumatic pressure pressure storage tank

99. "main flow dampener " valve solenoid / positions the valve regulating the air pressure

       tank's discharge restricts air flow to govern system regulation / speed

100.  air compressor's piston and ring system contains oil retainer "piston rings" and "pressure piston rings"

101.  air compressor "head" contains intake and exhaust valves with the respective rocker arms

        and expansion springs / oil seals

102.  main pneumatic impeller housing max pressure - over pressure pressure relief valve with

        actuation sensor to the via circuit reduce the flow dampener valve orifice / flow volume by

        actuating number 99

103.  air compressor heat dissipation "fins"

104.  air compressor's head valve cover and valve cover gasket ( retains oil)

105.  commutator and redundant stepped electrical contact brushes sum of two brush sets

106.  one way air fill valve ( one way valve )

The design is is a pneumatic " draft cycle" that re-pressurizes itself faster than the displaced air then with an electric motor to then counter tilt the resistance produced when using a ratio gear set to increase the systems speed. The compound dynamo the re-introduces a controlled percentile of the generated electrical current until sufficient speed and electricity is produced to then allow for sustained locomotion... ( ie. until the generated electricity is sufficient to power and electric automobile as described in the above design system).

As with high velocity flow systems especial care must be taken regarding the static electricity production and electrical capacitance ( electrical charge retention) . The design "grounds to an arc dissipation  "box" ( gas tight chamber )  then containing  inert Argon Noble gas. The current may be harvested within the "plasma box" and re-introduced into the system. The flow tubes are electrically grounded and electrically insulated upon the exterior surfaces.

Since this is a high speed mechanism the the motors and generators will then be explosion proof with a force shield "shock casing" ( prevents manufacturing defect from causing a projectile hazard). The motors and generators final casings being a  sealed envelope will prevent environmental Ozone at excessive levels. Low level ozone is an environmental pollutant...

The "Pneumatic Electric Compound Engine" system is electrically insulated from the chassis and passenger compartment of the vehicle and is weather safe in it's final form to then not allow water to in advertenly cause a shock hazard.