Design Desk Inc.

Geoengineering - Climate Change Mitigation

Fire Hydrant Fuel Less Heater ( A winter protection system )

The following design concept is then intended to heat the fire hydrant upon a fuel less generator with the capacity to also prevent the water hose from freezing when in use. The generator is then motivated by vacuum producing electrical current to heat the hydrant mushroom cap itself making it easy to find in high snow storms and preventing internal icing upon the hydrant. The unit also heats the advanced fire hose via electric resistor.

Parts List

1. dual component vacuum torus ( contains oil and negative pneumatic pressure)

2. one way oil flow valve

3. oil impeller

4. oil flow tube / pipe  (3/8" dia)

5. electric motor

6. 1:20 ratio gear set sealed lubrication rated for cold weather - input rotation tandem with the armature

    of number  5 and output  ( high side ) rotation tandem with the hall effect R.P.M. ( revolutions per minute )

    sensor and armature of the P.M. ( permanent magnet dynamo ) and internal hydraulic "pump wheel" of the

    hydraulic pump, number 10

7. R.P.M. sensor

8. Dynamo - ( a P.M.  electricity generator )

9. electrical ground point - electrically grounds the unit

10. hydraulic pump

11. flow valve "Start Valve"

12.  large diameter oil flow pipe ( 3/4"  dia.)

13. one way vacuum coupling

14. heated  "dome cap / "mushroom cap" -  heated by electric resistance

15. system electronic logic system - power management unit - system control circuits

16.  hydrant heater coupling - pressure rated uses high pressure gaskets - power feed for the heated

       fire hose - contains electric resistance heating elements to warm the hydrant and electric  "jump"

       electrical contact points for immediate hydraulic actuation in the generator cycle, ie... so that the fire

       truck's operator can use  automotive "jumper cables" to then electrify the electric motor number 5 to

       cause stable instant electricity production if the vacuum cycle in not already in operation.

17.  "dome cap" lamp ring

18.  proximity motion sensor ( activates the lamp ring if blocking the hydrant - detects cars parked in

       the incorrect place  illuminates the lamp ring and causes audio alarm - audio alarm timed actuation

19.  one way vacuum coupling

20.  maximum vacuum inlet dampener valve and oil fill coupling

21.  fire hydrant

22.  fire hose coupling

23. generator assembly - exterior surface handle allows for power unit extraction

24. fire hydrant

25. manual vacuum hand pump - causes vacuum in the torus


The system is actuated by the valve number 11 placed to the "closed" position and the manual vacuum hand pump is utilized until the maximum vacuum has been attained. The air inlet dampener is caused to make a clicking sound indicating that maximum vacuum has been attained within the partially oil filled vacuum torus.

The valve number 11 is then opened and due to the volume of oil in the larger return oil flow pipe causes inclined velocity of oil drafted across the hydraulic oil impeller number 3. The resistance in the ratio gear set is then counteracted upon by the  "basal pneumatic vacuum level as well as the resistance produced within the dynamo / generator.

The system will then be caused to continue to "run" due to a percentile of the generated electrical current volt regulated and level controlled by potentiometer in the system logic circuit control box , number 15. The drafting of hydraulic fluid in confinement then is causing inclined rotational rate. The hydraulic pump , number 10 is pulling at 20 times the rate due to the ratio gear set's speed incline gearing causing mechanical acceleration on basal vacuum. The basal vacuum is "work" energy that is utilized but not dissipated when the system is functioning.

Subsequently and simultaneously the electricity "reintroduction circuit" ( from the generator to the electric motor),  in the system logic control circuit box ( number 15),  increases the power level to yield more available output. The produced Dc ( direct current ) electricity directed via wire circuit, to the generator's electric drive motor, number 5, is then causing continual rotation producing adequate electricity to heat the dome cap via embedded electric resistors. The excess electricity will also be able to heat the fire hydrant and fire hose itself via electric resistance heating. The field coil of the permanent magnet Dc dynamo may also be then as an electromagnet to increase the system total electricity output.

The system flow cycle is a "run away effect" design able to then be controlled by increasing the field resistance within the generator. The generator can increase electricity output by directing to the permanent magnets in the Dc Dynamo field coil causing the wire wound permanent magnets to become electromagnets increasing the magnetic field.  The electromagnets effect is then causing the generator to "slow" the system.... while increasing available electricity output ( volt regulated in the control unit , number 15). The power regulation  / power management "electronics",  then to adequately control the electricity at it's level safely.

The system can then be used to heat side walks or illuminate street lighting reducing the cost to the tax payer. The design may also be used to power street drain flood pumping electric water pumps. The system may provide emergency electrical power should the grid fail due to weather advent.

A perpetual motion electricity generator.