Design Desk Inc.
Buoyancy Displacement Drum Generator
The "Buoyancy Displacement Drum Generator" is a buoyancy displacement generator system that also implements "hydraulic draft" of a "pressurized fluid". The system uses non electrically conductive, non flammable, hydraulic fluid as the working medium. The oil is not burned in the system. This is a clean energy generator design system that avoids the need for electrical storage batteries. The system is an "Active" electricity producing home generator that has distributed or remote applications then able to insure electrical power delivery if the utility electricity fails.
1. pneumatic (air pressure) valve system (timed start sequence "valve" / used in tandem with oil valve actuation number 15 - the timed
switch then using a coil spring)
2. pneumatic pressure storage pressure tank
3. manual hand air compression air pump (fills the pneumatic pressure storage tank via air hose connected by compression couplings
with one way flow valves to the air pressure pressure tank
4. drum (55 gallon oil drum) cap compression clamps - sum of 8 about 360 degrees from the top view center point
5. voltage regulator
6. magneto (permanent magnet electricity generator)
7. main high voltage generator , 240v Ac (alternating current)
8. trans-axle (differential gear set) tandem rotating with number 9 and serves as the rotational input torque via connecting drive shaft to
the armatures of number 6 and number 7.
9. hydraulic impeller (internal fluid by-pass channel with oil pressure sensor - the said oil pressure sensor then reports to the logic
mapping electronics in the control panel to then adjust the electricity "re-introduction level via potentiometer causing the current from
the generator, number 7 to be reduced in level when feeding current to number 11. This acts a a safety system also aiding in the "run"
rate ("run" R.P.M. - run "revolutions per minute" ) electricity re-introduction level.
10. pneumatic over pressure max pressure safety valve - vents over pressure
11. electric drive motor (dual shaft)
12. hydraulic pump
13. drive belt
14. valve control arm and pull cable system - operates the valve - valve contains coil spring re tension to the valve closed position the
valve then kept open by the upper lever on the control panel with safety kick off is the system incurs "run away" effect as a safety feature
15. hydraulic fluid valve ( dual coil spring causing retension to the valve closed position)
16. hydraulic fluid inlet coupling oil filter unit
17. large pulley
18. oil flow pipe
19. pneumatic "start" impeller (centrifugal type impeller)
20. small pulley
21. pneumatic pressure pressure coupling
22. internal oil displacement "drum" 30 gallon drum (barrel)
23. oil return coupling and compression rubber gasket
24. pneumatic pressure hose and one way flow fitting upon the pneumatic pressure tank number 2
25. 55 gallon oil drum
26. electricity control panel (contains circuit breaker switching and electricity management to be able to reduce final electricity output
voltage - 120v Ac or 240v Ac ) electronics thermal control system. The unit contains electric cooling fans to vent heat.
27. oil flow "Start" valve valve pull cable guide pulley
28. one way valve upon the pneumatic flow pipe
29. oil flow pipe
30. pneumatic flow pipe
31. hydraulic impeller tandem rotating with the large pulley number 17
The oil drum "cap" then contains an internal bracket system to hold stable the components in the flow system placed to then function correctly.
Exposed component connecting "union" driveshafts, then held stable by sealed lubricated bearing races supported by the internal component mounting "frame / bracket" that is electrically grounded for safety...
The system causes rotation by buoyancy displacement of hydraulic oil then caused to accelerate in velocity to incur high speed flow of oil with the assistance of the electric motor then energized by a percentile of generated electricity from number 7 producing continual production of electricity. The gravity weighted oil then enters the system intake filter as specified weight due to the specific gravity of the oil. The pneumatic system then begins rotation of the drive belt drive hydraulic impeller and hydraulic pump assembly.
The pneumatic discharge is a "timed" coil spring valve only discharging for a short time period at start up then the pressurized oil cycle causes continual "run" of the generator. The pneumatic cycle is actuated simultaneously with the oil flow valve number 15 where as number 15 will remain in the open flow position and the pneumatic discharge to the centrifugal pneumatic impeller will stop after the pneumatic flow valve timed interval closes the pressurized air flow to the pneumatic impeller number 19.
The rate of oil flow is the reason this system works. The pressurized oil then is traversing across a preceding hydraulic impeller "pulled" faster by a hydraulic pump who's rotation is greater than the tandem rotating hydraulic impeller and pulley assembly. Hydraulic fluid acts as a "solid" so as the system seeks fluid equilibrium the rate of flow then is increases by the reduction pulley and drive belt system.
If the start pneumatic displacement causes 50 r.p.m. (revolutions per minute) then the hydraulic pump is rotating at 50 r.p.m. and the fluid unit volume within the oil pump is then pulling the same unit volume of oil pressure weight and volume of oil across the preceding hydraulic impeller in the same time interval. The "effect" is then continual hydraulic fluid speed increase limited by magnetic field interference within the generator as transiting magnetic fields cause rotational drag.
Since the hydraulic impeller is tandem rotating with the large pulley, and the drive belt system receiving pulley, being of smaller diameter, then causes the tandem rotating hydraulic pump to incur 200 revolutions per minute within oil pump the oil velocity increases within the system. This then increases the velocity rate of the hydraulic impeller and continues to cause the oil velocity cycle repeat in pattern of velocity increase. The fluid velocity is converted to mechanical rotation causing the generator's armature to rotate producing usable levels of electrical current.
The magnetic resistance in the generator's magnetic field, then, is counteracted upon by the initial oil pressure weight within the outer barrel and is also limiting the oil speed "run away effect". The generator's system incline resistance ( to counteract system electrical "loading" ), is counteracted upon by a percentile of the produced electricity ( from number 7), applied to the designs electric motor, number 11 being a "throttle" circuit. This produces a load reactive "baug resistant" power ban of usable electricity with excess electrical power (electricity) able to then be applied to an external application.
The smaller pulley upon the hydraulic pumps assembly, then spinning the hydraulic pump faster, causes compound rotation rate increase. The tendency of "run away effect" is then added to with the additional magnetic "pressure" of the electrified electric motor, number 11. The additional applied electricity ie... the re-introduction "throttle" circuit is controlled by system setting and oil pressure level sensor in the bypass flow channel within number 9.
The tandem rotating components numbers 11 ( armature), 12 ( internal hydraulic pump wheel), 19 (pneumatic impeller), and 20 (drive pulley) will cause the preceding hydraulic impeller, number 31, to cause system rotation producing adequate rotational rate in number 8 by rotating number 9's internal hydraulic impeller to then produce electricity in numbers 6 and 7. The "run" speed then regulated by final electrical production being measured (gauge / meter) adjusting the electrical re-introduction rate... ie... "a percentile of the produced electrical current" is then directed back to the system's electric motor number 11 causing a system "tilt" to then counter act upon the magnetic field resistance encountered when generating electricity...
The magneto's initial electrical output current then is voltage regulated by number 5 and electrifies the Stator / field coil for the main high voltage generator number 7. An electrical output receptacle then upon the control panel that can be made to be weather encased for out door installation. The system is electrically grounded! The "to house" power feed then has a compression coupling located near the manual hand air pump to mount a metal sheath electricity power feed wires so that the control panel is then oriented for operator ergonomics.
The design uses gas sealed (inert noble gas) motors and electricity generators to prevent low level Ozone formation.
The system has redundant "All stop" as a safety features to "cause" the generator to automatically shut down if component failure ocurs.
The redundant path "All stop" safety features use different pathways to manage and govern the system. If "run away effect" is detected
the re-introduction circuit ( throttle), automatically goes to zero electrical level to slow the forward "tilt" of oil velocity. If electronic component failure is incurred ( voltage regulator ) the intake oil valve is then force closed by a solenoid system causing the connecting sheathed "pull cable" to close the valve.
* Note - The 55 gallon barrel cap is vented.... to allow the cooling of the control electronics. The oil barrel cap is also causing a
sealed oil chamber when clamped to the 55 gallon barrel
* Note - The barrel is then covered by a weather resistant plastic wrapping that uses a plastic suited for severe out door weather conditions
with high UvA UvB light resistance. The plastic "thin mil" encasement also will then be of a type of plastic that has good electrical
* Note- The system mounting base then of rigid plastic that will allow for bolt anchors into concrete footers with barrel ridge by a bolt fastened
compression "ring" that locks the barrel into the the base mount.