Design Desk Inc.
1. Air pressure feed tube
2. Water flow driven piston type or centrifugal
air compressor, electric magnetic clutch - variable drive
speed. From drive
impeller hydraulic to 1:10 ratio gear set output to electric clutch
then compressor wheel or piston crank shaft.
3. Limiter flow valve
4. One way valve "pneumatic"
5. Max pressure safety valve
6. Hydraulic fluid (water) flow tube
7. Hydraulic fill port and pressure cap
8. Hydraulic pump driven by Hydraulic fluid flow
with amplification gearing ratio 1:4
9. Hydraulic drive impeller
10. Connecting drive shaft
11. Hydraulic flow tube
12. Pneumatic limiter valve
13. Bubble mixer
14. Centrifugal or piston type air compressor
15. pneumatic flow tube
16. Water driven impeller ( opposite side air compressor / piston type , filtered air intake - exhaust air pressure (via tubes with one way valve ) to the primary tank , number 24 - causes the system to "vent" / "breathe" so that no hydrogen accumulates
18. Slam valve "start" cycle control valve
19. Air intake filter
20. Pneumatic flow tube
21. Photovoltaic Panel
22. Photovoltaic electronics control and current storage
23. High pressure air tank
24. Primary air/ water pressure tank
25. Secondary air/ water tank
26. Froth air/ water mix flow tube
27. Electric air compressor
28. Water pump with 1:4 ratio gear set
( input 1 output 4 ) driven by 9&10 1:4 ratio gear set
This system is an attempt at sustained hydraulic fluid flow by a sealed pneumatic pressure cycle with the intent to compound the velocity and pressure of a hydraulic fluid yielding a pressure system that will be used for the production of electricity driven by hydraulic fluid.
Water works for this system as well as other fluids. Initial air pressure is required to "start" the system. The source can be ,as illustrated, a photovoltaic solar panel causing electricity to compress air into the high pressure air tank number 23. The system 's operation only requires the high pressure air pressure tank to dump once per "start" cycle and the solar powered air compressor shuts off when the Bubble Generator is in operation.
Once adequate air pressure is attained in number 23 and the system is filled with water in the to the correct level, the Slam valve number 18 is opened and it's air pressure discharge is channeled to the primary air/ water pressure tank, number 24.
The air pressure then causes the hydraulic fluid to compress and flow into the intake flow line. Number 9 is a drive impeller, by the intake flow, then the intake velocity of hydraulic flow is accelerated by number 8 driven by the hydraulic exhaust flow post system cycle. The pump and impeller design are critical aspects within this design due to the velocities that can be attained. The "pump" compressor will be similar to a jet fan transonic compressor...and the impellers the same. Multiple pump and impeller designs can be implemented but for the high velocity system we recommend the a high speed transonic fan design.
The hydraulic fluid then continues to number 16 , a hydraulic impeller that drives a transmission connected to the generator (permanent magnetic generator with magneto). The electrical output of the generator is then harvested or applied to application and reintroduced to power the electromagnetic clutches in the compressed air system and or the electric motors on the circular spiral water coil.
An air pressure flow tube from the primary air/ water pressure storage tank feeds the bubble mixer. The mixer is hyper pressurized by additional air compressor driven with the air compressor driven by hydraulic discharge of the water driven impeller number 16. The discharge post mixer becomes a mix of air and water a " froth" then enters into the secondary air/ water pressure tank.
The "froth" air water mix will separate and the air pressure will compress the hydraulic fluid in the tank feeding the fluid to an accelerator hydraulic pump that is driven by the hydraulic fluid intake in the primary air/ water pressure tank. The hydraulic accelerator pump's discharge then compressing the fluid to drive the Air compressor/ "re-pressurization" pump that feeds higher air pressure to the primary air / water pressure tank. The hydraulic accelerator pump , number 28 contains a 1:4 ratio gear set electromagnetic clutch. This allows for adjustment so that at speed it does not evacuate the secondary "froth" tank to quickly.
After the hydraulic fluid has exited the pneumatic re-pressurization system the fluid will drive a hydraulic impeller attached to a 1:4 ratio gear set who's output is then pumping and increasing the intake hydraulic fluid velocity and increasing pressure and speed. The cycle compounds in velocity and continues. This allows for increased resistance (stator) and speed in the generator producing more electricity.
Because this system is a compounding run away effect... it becomes necessary to regulate the speed for the system. This is attained in two critical fashions first the resistance in the generator is increased in the field coil "stator" to act as a breaking mechanism causing drag and more current output (safe level determined by construction and material selection of the generators). ...second an electromagnetic clutch within the 1:10 ratio gear set driving the crown gear / differential. Number 28 compounding accelerator pump also contains an electromagnetic clutch within it's 1:4 ratio gear set to allow for velocity rate control.
A flow rate regulation bypass flow pipe and flow valve will also need to be installed within the primary air / water tank to control the rate of flow ...it balances the flow rate speed. The "bypass" flow line's inlet is connected to the water feed line into the tank before the impeller, pump and ratio gear set. It bypasses the impeller connected to the hydraulic pump with the 1:4 ratio gear set between.
Within the flow system will be installed a flow rate meter to sense the "speed " of hydraulic fluid and the sensor will report the information to the rate control computer to "balance" the systems operation. The control electronics will also contain safety fault indicators , safety "all stop" function and water and air pressure sensors that report to the control electronic computer.
Within evolutions of this design are additions as follows: the hydraulic fluid discharge into the primary tank can be routed out of the primary air / water pressure tank to a spiral / circular pipe system with multiple impellers driving generators on the circular spiral coil. The distance , length can be determined by size of the Bubble Generator system. The generators will be of a special type containing an electric "start" motor to allow hydraulic coil velocity to reach correct inertia. Then the "return" water flow exhaust would then re-enter the Primary air / water pressure storage tank allowing the Bubble generator to continue. Also multiple "boost" systems (Bubble Generators) can be installed at increments within the coiling circle water spiral. This will allow for industrial scale power systems for urban applications.
A safety system is also critical at 2-9 hydraulic impeller for "air re-pressurizer" venting into the primary air - water pressure tank. Because of the velocity encountered a pressure relief tube for active high velocity will be installed to vent into secondary air / water pressure tank. The line (tube) may contain a spring dampener safety valve with pressure sensor that will also report to the computer to allow for safe operation. Also a second relief tube (from impeller 2-9) may require "forced evacuation" by hyper velocity pumping because of velocity flow at maximum speed with the forced pressure evacuated then vented into a manifold located on the water flow line before the hydraulic drive impeller driving the crown gear / differential to increase mechanical speed.
It is also important to correctly ground the flow cycle as it may at high velocity produce static electricity from high velocity flow.
This flow cycle may also be able to be applied to a "steam cycle" with the heated water produced from electric resistance by generated electrical current. The hot air injection system is also a closed system cycle and recycles. The air is fed into the air compressor from the primary air / water tank compressed in the air compressor and is then heated by an electric resistance heater then injected into the bubble mixer. The cycle will gradually heat until producing steam within the system. An additional safety pressure "dump" containment system will also be required for the circular spiral that will recycle and be able to re-pressurize the system.
To assist in the required forces for the "start" velocities and pressure an electric motor will be added to the other side of the water impeller connected to the generator and will be powered by the solar battery and panel system. Also an additional electric hydraulic pump will assist in the " start " of the system placed before the hydraulic driven pump within the primary pressure tank ...on flow "hydraulic" discharge tube that discharges into the the primary tank . The pump is electric and a "hydraulic compounding system to increase flow rate. from left to right the pump assembly is: hydraulic drive impeller driving a 1:4 ratio gear set then connected to an dual drive shaft electric motor with the electric motor then driving a hydraulic pump at it's other output drive shaft pumping higher velocities through the hydraulic flow line. Part of the pump discharge then cycles into the hydraulic impeller driving the 1:4 ratio gear set, accelerating the pump cycle and then the fluid them dumps in to the primary tank. This causes the forward advancement of magnetic pressure within the electric motor and allows the pressure to continue to accelerate the flow tube pump.
* Note - This system must breathe and also have the flow tubes electrically grounded to control
static electricity. If in lieu of water as the torque transfer fluid a non conductive non flammable
hydraulic oil may be used with the gas then inert noble Argon. Additional piping will be required
to relieve hydraulic pressure at critical system points...
* Note* This system can also be used for automotive application....heating anti-freeze within the flow cycle. The generated current will then be routed to another electric drive motor connected to a transmission and drive line/ wheels that propel the car.
A variable resistor will then be the connected to the foot pedal by cable to control the current to the electric motor propelling the car.
For the car the circular spiral water coil will be omitted....the finalized design for the automotive application will resemble the schematic displayed below.
The automobile adaptation will include some additions to make it a battery free electric car. An electric re-pressurizer compressor pump will re-pack the high pressure storage tank for the "next restart" from the pressure in the primary air / water pressure tank.
Also a start "exciter" will be installed in the flow line post primary pressure tank... discharge flow tube, with the pump then being driven by air pressure discharge of the high pressure storage tank. The discharge of the exciter pump (exhaust of pneumatic impeller )will vent into the secondary air / water pressure storage tank while speeding up the flow line coming from the primary air /"water" pressure tank ie moving the anti-freeze.
Shutting off the generator system for the car will be as easy as shutting off the current to the electromagnetic clutches and allowing the system to slow.