Geoengineering - Climate Change Mitigation

Design Desk Inc.

Algae BioReactor & Phototube

The following design concept is a novel Algae production system to then produce Algae derived plastics and other hydrocarbon feed stocks sequestering Carbon Dioxide using Gravity while producing a salable Product. The design system turns physical weight into salable products while reducing atmospheric Carbon Dioxide thus reducing Global Warming and economic problems producing commodities when the advent of Peak Oil causes hyper financial inflation.

Parts List

1. high volume night time tank

2. day cycle illuminated algae grow tank

3. full spectrum fluorescent plant lamp

4. Algae "seed" culture  system and system storage barrels - oil - char - char oil  filters,  water barrels... placed along the outer length of the

    interior of the building ( seed culture pumps into the pole frame vertical grow system that cycles through the carport frame mount roof

    system and day cycle growth tanks)

5. metal arch slide form concrete construction

6. night cycle high volume tanks and vertical grow tube system

7. tie joist system "runs" along the length of the structure to "form" the attic space support floor

8.  load / unload "garage door" door (loading dock) - order processing "packing floor" production hall - contains plastic extruder (plastic

     extrusion machine), injection molding machines - cut off tools - and stock storage access recessed in the curve of the roof arch to the

     left and right of the production hall

9. "assembled stock storage floor" and Algae drying tromel floor - stock lift by wall slide cargo elevator to "packing floor"

10. concrete topcoat

11. metal hardware cloth concrete reinforcement

12. dry cured stripped cord wood masonry lock tied to the hardware cloth metal concrete structural reinforcement

13.  metal base arch with expansion tie to increase total building width

14. ply wood cover

15. plastic film sub sheet (allows the wood covered metal arch to separate once the concrete top coat has cured)

16. hardware cloth embedded within the thin coat with extending length to wire tie the next slip form arch

17. metal rod box reinforcement - load bearing to carry 2' earth cover also ties to the next slip form arch via "U" shape bent rod to hard

      lock the arches contiguous sum of 10 upon each arch ie... both sides embedded 4" deep concrete

18. honeycomb masonry with rigid foam cores containing hardware cloth circles in the mortar wire tied together - applied after full

      length arch construction so that the honeycomb becomes contiguous locking as the support system for the final concrete top coat

      with metal chain link fence as concrete reinforcement

19.  algae tanks water cycle flow pump plumbing - allows for day cycle tank contents to fill the night cycle tanks or to "cycle the water in the

       day cycle tank to "stir" the day cycle tank assisting in pushing the day cycle tank algae to then be water jet pro-pulsed toward the

       off load conveyor

20. "over tank"  tank full length water jet pipe system supported by over tank arch

21. air injection system to bubble the day / night cycle algae tanks

22. florescent lamps encased in clear plastic pipes - open ends to allow for quick lamp exchange - water sealed and above tank water line

23.  vertical tube Algae reactor pipe system day and night  contains vertical lamps - where the algae is fed Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and

       Nitrogen (N2) "fertilized" cycles to the structure's internal metal carport frames "roof mount" algae growth tubes

24.  vertical support column extended beam to support stair case landing

25. vertical support column

26.  sub floor

27. plywood sheet flooring

28. tar paper with wood flooring - tongue and groove

29. assembly floor circuit breaker box - storage floor circuit breaker box - attic space circuit breaker box

30. main floor drain - storage floor - slab grade

31. night cycle tank sump pump off loads wet algae to the tromel algae dryer intake conveyor - water recovery via conveyor under

      tray with forced pumping back to the day cycle algae water tanks

32.  car port frame algae tube reactor growth system over head lighting lamps - full length (60') of the "A" shaped car port roofs sum of 60 total

       (placed close to the grow tubes - safe thermal distance)

33.  vertical tube algae bioreactor system contains air ,CO2 and fertilizer injection system (gas recovery directs to the system

       cold air stratifier, air distillation tower ( letter "B") to "recover" the CO2 and N2)

34.  night cycle high volume algae holding tank

35. carport roof frame roof mount algae bio reactor growth tubes 60' (feet) long x 5' upon both slopes of the "A" shape

      roof (carport frames then of 20' and a total of six above each night cycle tank and algae growth tank)

36.  shred tube - via kitchen garbage disposal units algae is then processed thru the disposal unit to be shred to begin the oil extraction

       process discharges to the night cycle tank

37. larger diameter "carport" apex flow pipe accepts the algae shred to the seep stratify the air CO2 gas, N2 gas, oil and water then collected

      in the "crown pipe" number 38, for subsequent processing and or water recovery

38. crown pipe (fluid [ water oil ] - gas stratification (CO2 - N2 ) recovery contains low point sump to discharge remainder algae to

      the growth tank - oil discharge to the oil holding tank ( percentile of 60 barrel tanks to then be filtered before metered injection into the

      oil distillation system to refine the oil into hydrocarbon feed stock suitable for plastic production via the extruder

39. concrete floor slab

40. concrete metal grid wire concrete reinforcement

41. fiber glass insulation above earth contacting plastic film sub-sheet

42. Algae dry tromel

43. tromel intake conveyor system - tromel intake "head" accepts the night cycle sump pump discharge with additional high pressure

      water jets to push the algae slurry - contains cycle ventilation to wick any oil vapor to roof discharge port number 96

44. algae dry tromel sub floor steel I-beam "supports" the floor mounting of the tromel

45.  sub slab "lowest floor" oil press room floor drain

46.  oil press discharge "oil collection pit" - oil "pick up" to then be filtered and pumped to the oil holding barrels for direct off loading

       or subsequent oil distillation

47. Algae tromel discharge "hopper" and  lower floor oil press intake

48.  oil press

49. forced room air ventilation (lowest level oil press room) vents to number 97

50. oil pit evacuation pumping / filtration system

51. algae char vacuum system

52. feed conveyor and algae char unit - heats the algae "cake" post oil extraction with the "char" husk to then be used as plastic

      fill material increasing the CO2 sequestration by embedding carbon in plastic products as a fill material

53.  vacuum off load to barrel carbon holding barrels

54. exterior entry to sub floor oil press "room"

55.  16'x16'  grade level concrete block structure "open top" floor slab

56. floor drain

57. mulch decomposition "heater" maintain the water temperature in the day cycle algae growth tanks and the water temperature in

      the night cycle high volume holding tank

58. above concrete floor slab  air flow pipes  embedded in the tank base concrete directs heat from the mulch

      decomposition "heater" to the tank base slab base of the water holding tanks

59. plastic extruder

60. plastic extruder steel I -beam support "cage" assist in load support (physical weight) of the extruder upon the standard wood floor assembly

61.  stick build "wall" - sealed ventilation system separated from the rest of the structure with gas leak safety system to automatically

       ventilate should unsafe level of CO2 or N2 occur

62. metal car port "frames"

63. air bubble system - injects air bubbles into all four water holding tanks also location of "algae feed injection pumps and plumbing

      to "inject" the vertical algae growth tubes with CO2, N2 and or fertilizer.

64. mulch decomposition heater air intake low level pipes

65. main electricity circuit box

66. algae char system building external thermal vent

67. floor drain

68.  equipment width entry door

69. system electrical power generation system fuel less high voltage production internal oil " non electrical conductive / non flammable"

      hydraulic fluid - system flow pipes electrically grounded

70. chain link fence used as concrete reinforcement  embedded in the roof top coat ( 2" thick" ) roof with water proofing applied atop

71. concrete 2" thick roof

72. sealed U pipe generator one way air pressure fill valve

73. oil outlet valve

74. 60Kw electricity generator

75. electric drive motor 20kw 20hp - 40hp

76. Letter "A" and letter "E" CO2 tower tanks

77. Letter "B" = air stratifier - separates air into component gases using ultra low temperatures produced in the medical refrigeration system

78. Letter "C" oil distillation tower (electric heating only)

79. Letter "D" = N2 tower tank

80.  one way valve

81. high speed hydraulic pump

82. 1: 4 ratio gear set high side "output" rotation tandem with the internal pump "wheel" of number 81 input rotation tandem with

      electricity generator, number 83 out put drive shaft

83. dual shaft high voltage generator

84. hydraulic oil impeller

85. high voltage Magneto Ac electricity generator (a permanent magnet electricity generator) electrifies the field coil of the high voltage

      generator number 83 to then hot "bus" electricity to the logic mapping electronic speed control circuits. The electronics will then reference

      the r.p.m. sensor to adjust the subsequent electrical current "feed" to the drive line's electric motor number 86 to it's desired rate of rotation.

      This allows for excess electricity production in number 83, who's electrical current is then directed regulated to the main high voltage drive

       line system containing the 60Kw generator, number 74,  being rotated by the 20kw drive line motor number 75.

86. dual shaft electric motor

87. revolutions per minute, r.p.m. sensor (system speed regulator sensor)

88. voltage regulator

89. system electronics "electronic mapping" system control electronics

90. large pulley 12" dia. "drive pulley"

91. receiving pulley  4" dia. "drives" the dual shaft electricity generator and is the input rotation to the ratio gear set assembly who's output

      rotation rotates the high speed oil pump. This produces system speed advancement by fluid suction and retained pneumatic pressure.

      Artificial equilibrium fluid drive. The system advancement then increased by the electrical re-introduction circuit increasing the launch

      point of magnetic "pressure" advancing the electric motor's armature.

92. drive belt

93. oil pit filter system

94. water holding system

95. building "air to water" dehumidification system & H.V.A.C. heating air conditioning and ventilation system - medical refrigerator

      location (pipes cold air to the air stratifier)

96. roof mount vent

97. roof mount vent

98. power generating "room" air exhaust system

99. exterior fill grade level so that standard box truck is level with load dock floor

100. clear or opaque photo-bioreactor tube

101. air injection cooling fan "electric blower" bi-directional rotation

102. photo bioreactor tube "head unit"

103. photo bioreactor tube end cap

104. oil pressure meter

105. automotive transmission and  torque converter assembly -  connects the electric drive motor to the main high voltage generator, number 74

106. maximum hydraulic draft regulator valve and oil "bypass" flow pipe a speed limiter flow system to regulate maximum system speed

* Note - The design will be accompanied by an additional external  40' greenhouse with a 8'H x 8W' x 32'L trough style algae tank to also

             allow for increased volume production also with a tube system upon the exterior of the arch style green house

             of 20'W x 40'L 4" Diameter (dia.) flow pipe


The generator system, number 69, for this design is a gravity hydraulic dynamic fluid drive system that cycles the retained pneumatic pressure to allow for cyclical out force of hydraulic pressure to motivate the impellers / pump system that implements advancement by fluid suction with the applied gear sets (belt and pulley system / mechanical lubricated 1:4 ratio gear set),  within the drive line. The system also allows for electricity produced to then be reintroduced back into the system's drive line's electric motor rotation to increase system's speed. The systems flow pipes are electrically grounded to avoid accidental electrical shock hazard due to induced voltage from static electricity. The electricity out put is then directed to voltage regulators "transformers" at required voltage for the total system's components.

Systems connected functions then via plumbing and or wire to complete their intended function as per component function requirement.