Climate Change Mitigation Technology

Design Desk Inc.

Algae Bio Reactor
 
      After exploring the many avenues that the world then has proposed regarding alternative energy and fuel sources...algae bio reactors were examined. Finding them not sufficient for the fuel production to compensate for the event of "peak oil", then replacing the diesel with grown oil... but the reactors have other useful applications regarding oil production for plastics harvesting thus yielding a "grown" commodity that will have a lower environmental footprint and thus reducing CO2 ( carbon dioxide ) in it's production.

     Algae then being used to produce oil ( hydrocarbon feed stock ) yielding plastics ,then mated with carbon thread, then as structural reinforcement for automotive body panels will then reduce the cost of a bicycle tractor and or other automotive body component within a lower range of production cost . The coils output production is scalable according to the application .... ie. length of the "grow coil" and "dark coil". The hydrocarbon feed stock then also sold will also off set the cost of the advanced automotive motor systems and assist in economy's stability as many products that the world then required for health and sanitation as well as food wrapping plastics , are then able to be derived from a grown source keeping the cost within the parameters as not to "shock" the economy..

The design will produce excess  electricity and water via dehumidification then making it an attractive addition to a farm... the algae then converted to a plastic could be used to produce farm tools that do not rust.. The tools then composed of rigid plastic with carbon cloth reinforcements...

Aqua culture ( fish farms ) then are also able to be constructed with this design ..then keeping environmental toxins / hazardous particle out of their growth cycle. ( The  aqua culture modification then requires slight design modification  to keep the live stock safe  ( slow pools added , offset spheres on the coils with independent filtration ) and by pass systems for the fish to avoid pumps intakes....

The sale of the Algae Bio Reactor' excess product... as hydrocarbon feed stock, electricity, excess potable water then will off set the cost of the self sustained electric car's motor / transmission and generator systems allowing for a lower retail sale making it a more affordable product for the public... this also then allows for advancements in safety systems then implemented at lower cost to the retail customer.

The water velocity within the coil systems may then allow for the "growth coil" to remain "clear"  as the speed of the water may prevent the algae from adhering to the inner surface of the "growth coil " tube.

* Note the automotive sub-frames "Chassis" will then be of stainless steel for safety ( cost effective with electric furnaces). Electricity sale at reduced prices then may off set the cost of the automotive final product... then allowing for higher product refinement with a reduced retail cost.

* The single algae bio reactor then may also be made to drive additional coils then spread out across great acreage to gain in volume of product ie.  as an example... 100+   additional "dumb" coils then with growth return tubes to the processing systems.... then driven by one algae bio reactor drive coil.....










































Parts List

1. Loom room ( production of burnt dry algae sludge then processed into a weave thread cloth to then be embedded in a thermo-setting resin produced from the algae oil
   and cured in an enclave yielding automotive component parts  ( fenders / seats / steering wheels/  etc... and other plastic products....

2. Thread processing room

3. Methane digester ( production of CH4) used to heat and char the algae post "cracking" / ie. post oil extraction. ( internal feed pump, wet vacuum  to burner number 8 ) CO2 return then also heated slightly with used algae to then continual feed the digester making the cycle automatic the waste algae then travels to 13,21,47,27,51,8,4,2, and 1 then the weave through the vacuum system........

4. conveyor belt

5. hopper / electric

6. Air pressure storage tank

7. Air compressor / air filtered upon air intake

8. Char unit "burner"  algae furnace / burns the dry algae to carbon..

9. Methane gas flow management system. Exhaust CO2 then cycled to the Amine Co2 stripper system to then be recycled....

10. Methane pressure gas pressure storage tank

11. Water cycle heating unit

12. Methane flow management control for gas water heater

13.  Algae coil control unit ( allows for reseeding growth into the apex constant from output feed of sludge automatically ) / contains feed pumps

       to load regulate the  methane digester. So methane rich sludge is pumped to the methane digester and CO2 then returns to number 12

       post gas stratification atop the digester...


14.  water heater thermal exchanger unit/ allows for "growth coil" / "dark coil" to then be temperature regulated at optimal temperature.

15. mass water storage holding tank acts as capacitance thermal heat "sink"

16. CO2 ( carbon dioxide extraction from amine "stripper" system ) feeds CO2 to the "growth coil"

17. Methane gas regulation unit  ( feeds the burner regulated pressure  system logic and burner safety system / fault indication

      and all stop sensors ).

18. N2 ( Nitrogen  )  extraction system from external ambient air / acts as a fertilizer for the algae

19.  Gas management system final algae coil injection gas rate N2 ( nitrogen ) / gas compressor system - produces gas pressure

20. Gas management system final algae coil injection gas rate CO2 ( carbon dioxide ) / gas compressor system - produces gas pressure

21. Gas management system final algae coil injection gas rate "air" injection system ( air from number 50 post number 55 ( bubbler ) / electric

      air compressor and regulation system for pressure storage tank and gate   valve to control air out flow from the apex of the coil at coil hub

      with temperature and pressure sensors reporting to the logic mapping systems control electronics, number 36. The mixed gas out flow

      from number 36  then to enter gas stratification system in number 13 to then be divided  into its constituent components and then tube piped

      to storage for safe system operation.. transparent coil "growth coil" has a base tube with air injection fittings to distribute  air injection

      evenly through the coil.

22. fuel less electricity generation system (  hydraulic draft generator
http://designdeskinc.com/Hydraulic_Draft_Cycle.html ).

23. Algae sludge pool ventilation with intake and exit wet pumping

24. Dehumidification system / electric by number 22....

25. Distilled water holding tank and cooling thermal exchanger to manage the water temperature within the algae coils... flow tube connected to

      the send valve into the  transparent "growth coil" with the temperature then take at the exhaust to the "dark coil" as the albedo effect will

      cause the "dark" to passively warm ie. a dark colored  exterior... material also then acting as a passive water heater itself.

26. Air filter intake for dehumidification system

27. Algae sludge pool with intake and exit wet pumping to move sludge with oil cracking - oil extraction and exhaust oil pump to plastics

      refinement hydrocarbon processing.

28. Plastics processing vacuum tube receiving carbon weave cloth travel tube

29. Carbon cloth storage

30. electrical power conduit

31. Vacuum enclave ( cures the composite plastic and cloth composite / enclave = oven dual door in - line production assembly line fashion...

32.  finished part storage and loading bay to then allow flow of parts to main assembly line

33. lavatory

34. kitchen

35.  lamp multi light for plant growth / locking ring clamp every 3 feet spaced apart by 18"

36.  Algae coils center elevation  high point... / injection manifolds for gas systems with over pressure safety venting with fault indication

      sensors auto adjust gas feed pressure on all gas systems. ( the N2 and Co2 then bubble up from the base of the tank , number 36 to the

      meter saturate the algae water , with the water to then be pulled down hill into  the "dark coil" ).


37.  "dark coil" night time cycle for the algae opaque ( down flow "dark coil" 15% increased diameter then referencing the diameter of the

      "growth coil". Before the dark coil tube enters number 13 their are multiple over pressure pressure vents ( as per required by total pressure

      and tube diameter ) that control their water discharge via into tube  then into holding tank number 25 then again being recycled into the

      system... may also feed water at high pressure to water injection system G4  ( sub component 36 ), with pressurization safety bypass

      system that also dumps to number 25.

38.  "growth coil" / day light cycle transparent tube

39.  vacuum travel tube ( transports bundles of carbon weave cloth on card board reusable spindles with hard circular end caps.. )

40.  oil transport tube

41.  algae out flow sludge out flow tube ( pumping contained in number 13).

42. N2 ( nitrogen ) transference tube to number 36

43. CO2 ( carbon dioxide transference tube ) to number 36

44. Air pressure travel tube from number 36 to number 21

45. Distilled water injection tube / thermal management port may inject hot or cold distilled water

46. Distilled water injection tube / thermal management port may inject hot or cold distilled water

47. hot thermal exchanger flow tubes send and return / pressure safety system for venting safety valve over pressure safety vent

48. ventilation evacuation tube with power conduit around the exterior / insulated and electrically grounded to control system static electricity

49. CO2 (carbon dioxide pressure storage tank )

50. Air pressure storage tank

51. Algae sludge tube feeds the burner unit to produce "char"

52. Methane feed pressure tubes  / feeds burner redundant with fault indication and safety system

53.  Methane digester warmer flow tubes  ( cold weather cycle )/ ( mild heating of the digester is required... from the heating exchanger

       system tubes from number 13 to number 3 cycle coil methane to the digester one way flow valves upon transference tubes  / system

       is monitored for flow pressure and volume rate with all stop safety function should component  failure and or temperature is to high also then

       re circulating the collection gas after methane separation in number 13 to then recycle via  tube to number 21 and into number 36 to
       again cycle Gas component level systems ppm ( parts per million then monitored in number 13. . Methane from the coil then collected in

       gas stratification in number  13 to the digester... CO2 from the methane digester then to number 13 to then enter the CO2 feed system.

54. Methane digester exhaust tubes  with redundant safety system and fault indication reporting to coil control logic electronics / system mapping.

55. air compressor also tube connection system with one way valve to number 50.

56. Systems logic multi wire bus connector ( system mapping control electronics in number 22 ) plugs in all sensors

      ( monitor and fault circuits )  and electric actuation valves in the  flow system to  control temperature,  water flow rate, lighting,

      dehumidification, conveyor rate, gas pressures, vacuum tube transport , monitors burner ... etc.

57. Algae sludge feed tube / with water balencer flow cycle



Unit number 13 Sub schematic;











































Component labeling for sub schematic in number 13

"A" = 1:2 ratio gear set ( with electromagnetic clutch  and optional "counter tilt"   hydraulic impeller ( by pressurized water flow post "K" ) to

         zero incline resistance when a ratio gear set is used ). Electromagnetic clutch then powered by methane thermopile generator

         ( gas / methane fired generator / piston type impeller with transmission ) connected to permanent magnetic dynamo  and  Ac generator

         with magneto.. ( Back up clutch power / electricity primary circuit then "draft cycle generator , number 22).

"B" = gear ( will also be able to drive an additional torque converter via inter-meshed drive gear then connected to drive shaft connecting to

         an automatic transmission with the output rotation of the transmission connected  ( via drive shaft ) to a high voltage generator to

         produce electricity for systems power ( electricity ) or to electrify exterior utility grid systems for the Utility ( electricity ) provider..


         Additional high speed air compressor system ( feeds air pressure bubble to the "growth coil" ), and  water pump then with intake from

         the dome , letter "I" then may be driven by gear "B" to then vent water into the top of the "dark coil" also then injecting in a spiraling

         fashion causing an Archimedes compression fluid screw increasing the down force and "head weight in the "dark coil".

"C" = "growth coil" tube

"D" =  "dark coil"

"S" =  1:10 ratio gear set ( high side rotation  to letter "N"). ( with electromagnetic clutch  and optional "counter tilt"   hydraulic

           impeller ( by pressurized water flow post "K" ) to zero incline resistance when a ratio gear set is used ).


Electromagnetic clutch then powered by methane thermopile generator ( gas / methane fired generator / piston type impeller with transmission ) connected to permanent magnetic dynamo  and  Ac generator with magneto.. ( Back up clutch power / electricity primary circuit then "draft cycle generator , number 22).

"F" = water pump

"H" = water impeller

"I" = algae sludge separator with filter dome with outlet ports for gas stratification unit , to then allow the coil gas to be stratified separated int
o

        like molecules in additional  unit... contains a filter screen. Dome also contains out let ports for gas "wick" ( gas flow out ) and  the

        electric assist air injection pumps.

" J" = algae sludge separator

"K" = combined component air pressure water pressure tank with over pressure safety vent valve

" L " = tube

"Q" = tube

" O" = tube

" P" = algae sludge out flow tube

"M" =  over pressure pressure relief safety valve

"N" = water pump

"R" = 1:2 ratio gear set . * Note - assembly "R" then is a 1:2 ratio gear set then upon the draft intake flow of the "growth coil " driving the evacuation of "J" then to pressurize the combined component air pressure water under air pressure  labeled as "K", at twice the intake "draft" flow rate. This allows "N" to then have sufficient water to send at amplified rate of velocity into the top "apex" of the "down hill "dark coil" causing a mechanical syphon.

* Note - water line "tube" post ( after letter "N" ) then injecting water into the top of the "dark coil" also causing spiraling flow to increase compression and cause water to stir... the air bubble injection system then introduced into the "growth coil" will also cause a spiraling water flow effect to churn the algae exposing it to sunlight as well as the lamp system...

* Note - pump assemblies connected by drive shafts....and ratio gearing systems

* "B" driven by interfacing gears from the pump assemblies then connected by drive shafts....



Unit number 36 Algae bio Reactor ( center Apex )













































































A1. Lightning suppression ( electrical ground ).

B1. Pneumatic pressure feed tube. from 50.. with valve control system in 21

C1. one way valve

D1. over pressure safety pressure relief valve

E1. Variable electric vent valve

F1.  P.S.I. ( pounds per square inch ) sensor reports to the system mapping logic control circuits

G1. Water pressure over pressure safety valve with actuation sensor reports to electronics control system to then adjust entire system

       for operational safety

H1. water pipe 90 degree union elbow ( h1 to r5 to 21 then to number 13 ,  water / gas stratification separation via additional feed tube.

       mixed gas component constant gas stratification tube is depicted directly above ( vacuum tube ).

J1.  Curving flow pipe

K1. Venturi Archimedes bender

L1. Venturi

M1. "Growth coil" discharge vector bend discharge flow director ( causes flow discharge to be directed against the side wall of the

       containment vessel

N1. one way valve ( for N2, CO2, and air pressure)

O1. over pressure , pressure safety valve

P1. Air pressure tube ( air injection system )

Q1. CO2 ( carbon Dioxide  injection system )

R1. N2 ( nitrogen injection system )

S1. angle vector injection pipe

T1. One way Valve

U1. High Pressure water injection tube ( from mechanical water pump then by gear "B" in number 13 with bypass over flow cycle to letter "J"

V1. Water pressure sensor  ( reports to logic control circuits to keep the system with in mechanical operating parameters for the

      mechanical propertied of the selection material.

W1. Water valve ( "chamber "start" cycle fill system.. ) dual directional valve output

X1. Water flow tube ( high pressure confinement  rating )

Z1. Multi component pressure containment vessel ( Vacuum chamber to  negative pressure as the weight of the water within the water column

      to allow "growth coil" drag  / will also work with air pressure in z1.).

AA2.  Hard plate baffle with polar array of  through ports ( for compressed gas to then enter the "dome" for extraction

AA3.  Multi stack wire mesh screened restriction Baffle

AA4. Flow contour directional  insert and "drag tube"  retainer bracket

B2. pressure fitting dual function injection cycle.... ( clean out / gas cycle and hyper pressure water injection system ( incline sequence

      for maximum rate of "dark coil" velocity).

C3. exterior pressure tank pipe water extraction tube to then cause twisted venturi within the pressure tank

D4.  Pipe couplings

D5.  Pipe coupling

D6.  dual "fan" water jet impeller driven by water jet from G6   ( inner diameter 30% of total pipe total ) and compressor remainder 65% of

       pipe capacity ) tandem function compressor surrounds the impeller ( circular )

D7. pipe coupling

E3. "growth coil" ( algae coil )

E4. "Dark coil" ( night cycle for the algae ) increased diameter by 15% + ie. may be as large as 50 % larger in diameter in reference to

       "growth coil" diameter The terminal end of the "dark coil" will be designed so that their is a shape deviation from the circular tube as to

       then cause low algae count then passing through the over pressure safety sensors then with the water traveling to G4 and water injection tip.

       The terminal lower end of the "dark coil tube" then morphing into an oval with a column then  atop the protuberance, with entry screen

       stack algae filter and baffles the top of the column mounts the series of pressure regulation valves toward the top.

       Their is also then a burst spray system (water), to knock algae downward off  then columns inner screen stack into the main part of the coil.

The constant feed water pressure into g4 is then post high speed water pump in number 13 tube labeled  as "O", also then with branching flow feed pipe as pressure relief with valving system ( electric actuation with positional indicator temperature and pressure sensor ) then into the pressure "hub" number 36 , then entering "U1" ans S1" flow pipe.

F2. support bracket

F3. Support bracket

G4. high pressure injection tube ( pressure derived from the terminal end of the "dark coil" then from the staged multi safety valve over

       flow ( ie the end of the "dark coil " then has  multiple over pressure safety valves then at different  pressure relief tensions.. the pressure

       relief valves, with vent tubes that are then all connected to G4 injection tube, increase the "dark coils speed " the over pressure safety

       valves also contain actuation sensors and are connected to the electronics circuit processing / control system then regulating

       system components by the information they receive.  ( The valves upon the terminal end of the " dark coil" then act similar to an R.P.M.

       sensor for water velocity ) . The "tip" orifice is 1.5" diameter ( should prevent clogging ).

G6. electric solenoid actuation focus pressure tip that jets outward to then impale an  additional compressor and  impeller system 2' into the

       dark coil" the impeller / compressor unit has, at center, 30% diameter of the"dark coil" diameter then with compressor / propeller then

      65% of "dark coil" diameter .. both the impeller and compressor ( propeller like jet fan transonic ) as one unit rotating in tandem so that

      the water jet from G6 then causes the impeller to rotate and the compressor to accelerate the water pressure and velocity in the "dark coil"

R5. tube ( valve e1 then mixed gas extraction to 21 for stratification and molecule isolation into components to then recycle into the system...

       ( in number 13 sub letter "O" then into  r5,t1, through d7 and then enters  the "dark coil" to cause greater down ward

        volume ( via high vacuum / wicks off volatile gas) and force "head weight" to then cause suction. Due to lower pressure the air

       entering the dome top at 36 then is also temperature regulated slightly heated to prevent icing from causing the flow system to

       stall... ( vacuum pump driven by "B").  R5 then  at the top of the water  column located just below the gas pressure dome is then the 

       water pressure motivator for the "dumb coil" depicted as follows;














































The "Boost Pump for drive pressure is depicted as follows;









































* Note -  The "head weight of the "dark coil" ( down hill water weight.. is then also impaling an impeller system to the jack the water uphill to

               then assist the pump... the air \  injection  bubble system will also assist in the water rising as the adhesion of the bubble

               ( surface tension will tend to cause a drag of water in close proximity...


* Note -  "A" is then a pneumatic control valve upon the feed tube that is electric and manual actuation systems with pressure sensor

               ( redundant ) to then control  the "bubble rate" injection into the "growth coil " The injection points of air pressure are then in between

              each grow light / clamp lamp system, number 35.  ( * injection rate / and volume of air injection equation derived from average

              stratification ppm ( parts per million ) of gas constituency to cause non hazardous gas   blend in the "growth coil" ).

* Note - "B" is the bubble ( air pressure ) injection tube then intersecting the "growth coil" with one way valving at the coupling compression

              fitting / coupling, then upon the "growth coil"

* Note - Anarobic bacteria for the Methane digester derived from the lavatory.....

* Note - entire system is electrically grounded for static electricity at required electrical capacitance points ie. flow tubes...

* Note - number 35 then along the full length of the transparent "growth" coil number 38.

* Note - full gas recovery systems may be added to this design  for closed loop ( sealed ) operation in outer space.. ie. intake into

             numbers 16 , 18, and 19.. ( gas gain will occur )atmospheric  production system for space stations.. System may demonstrate

             molecular gain from sealed system... kinda strange...

* Note - The coils and component parts may then become self replicating  ie factories that grow more factories..... reduces the

              implementation cost..

* Note - System will "start" with first filling with water until the bleed valve upon the water out flow tube    R5,H1,R5,G1,R5. yields water .Then

              the vacuum is  caused by vacuum pump intake a unit additional to the air compressor system that feeds bubbler.

 * Note - The vacuum  pump pulls negative pressure in Z1 then being rotated by gear "B".  Fresh air is then being pumped into the "growth coil" 

              and into the bubbler  by air  compressor driven by gear "B".  The fresh air acts as a gas dilution system to cause a non hazard of

              any volatile gas components that may occur and is caused with sensor  and fault alarm system in either of the two gas stratification

             units ... ie . in number 21 and or in number 13.

* Note - water will then fill the system until the bleed valve upon the water out flow tube    R5,H1,R5,G1,R5.... This is the main pressure

             out flow system that will motivate the "dumb " coils  with the water flow to then again return to the primary holding tank number 25


* Note - once the compounding water velocity is reached the vacuum in Z1 then changes to an air pressure cycle that does purge itself to vent

              the mix of Co2, N2, and air  pressure  ( bubbler ) to the stratification system.

* Note - The "dumb coils" ( algae "grow coils" ) will then return to the main processing system then into number 27 for oil extraction and

              bio mass processing post oil "cracking".

               A pressure dome then is atop the water cycle then catching the feed stock N2 ( nitrogen ) and the CO2 ( carbon dioxide ) to

      re circulate the gas post bubble up from  the base of number 36...... The top of the "pressure dome" ( with water column higher than

      the "dark coil" entry orifice also then with gas restriction  baffle screen, low  permeation.. column water weight + water fill tube / pipe

     (36 union with 48) , causing swirl stir by injection vector ( coriolis effect ) to cause motion in the water column, yielding  greater gas evacuation ).

                  This then allowing for gas  capture in the dome at the top..causing circulation via number 44 to number 21 for stratification

       an / stratification .  Gas  pressure confinement in the dome  ( ie. in reference to the material selection process ) must then made to retain

       a gas pressure greater  than the "coils" confinement pressure  rating.. ie. " to the have the pressure as as  a solid so that it sucks the

       water from the top of the "growth coil" and does not evacuate the gas within water column or lower the  pressure the gas capture

       dome... The pressure dome is controlled evacuated  at limited rate to then purge the system and prevent methane problem...

                A pressure regulation sensor is also connected to the system atop the pressure dome at  number 36 also connected to the

      control electronics , to adjust the water level and pressure range for correct operation. Think of a syringe ( ie. growth coil ) the down force then
      pulling by greater weight of water weight plus spiraling fluid dynamic motion then adding pressure weight by motion of fluid... to then increase

     the total system fluid  velocity rate.. increasing inertia of mass in motion..... then one can derive greater energy for a sustained motion system.



        Materials travel via tubes... The mechanical mechanism the at the out flow of the "dark coil" will impale a hydraulic impeller to then cause rotation if amplification ratio gear set of 1:2 with the 2 of the gear set then driving  a water pump with electric assistance  and optional pneumatically pressurized gain system.

          Where the air pressure will then add pressure to fill the "dark coil" with additional water pressure to cause a syphon effect. The  1:2 ratio gear set then pressurizing the "growth coil" to push the water up hill.

            The high end of the gear set then will also drive a planetary gear / differential drive system then pumping  the return water ( low algae

count ) just below ( after ) the apex of the "dark coil" adding to the  down hill water head weight . The "dark coil" will then  produce a syphon effect by mechanical method. The electric water  pumping system mainly used for temperature control injection.


* Note - the algae may also then be used to fertilize the fields of the  un-used land as the arid regions an land can then be used with an increased fertility rate where then the destruction of indigenous land ie. rain forest tropical regions can the be left alone also to allow for the natural genius to continue to evolve.